The chapter analyses recent policies and legal frameworks dealing with climate change and sustainable forest management in Nepal and draws the conclusion that climate change is increasing, and having serious impacts, at all of the global, regional and national levels. The health and vitality of forest ecosystems are adversely affected by climatic as well as land use changes. The role of forest management, and the legal control thereof, in adapting to and mitigating the impact of climate change has become a global concern. Nepal has a climate change policy and has taken various legislative steps. The various national legislative and policy instruments relevant to climate change in Nepal are canvassed; and then Nepal’s position within various international fora is considered. While Nepal’s own greenhouse gas emissions are negligible, the country faces significant problems with the effects on its forests from emissions from developed countries and its large neighbours China and India. Finally, suggestions are made as to future reform.