Chapter 23 discusses bereavement and mourning in China. There are more than 10 million deaths in China each year. Assuming each death affects six persons, more than 60 million in China are facing the challenge of bereavement. This chapter offers an overview of the phenomenon of death in China as well as the history of the development of leading theories on bereavement. It reviews various theories include process stage theories, coping theories such as the task model and dual process model, as well as psychopathological theories. It also outlines the accounts that cover the relational, constructivist, and neurobiological aspects of bereavement.