Entrepreneurship and innovation are central targets in business development initiatives and regional development, nationally as well as on the international and European arena. The project presented in this chapter addresses two aspects. The first is the potential conflict of targets embedded in the aim to improve the economic performance and competitiveness of countries and the need to prevent an increase in regional diversity with regard to growth and wealth. The second is linked to multilevel governance, involving actors from the European level to the local/regional level with competing competencies and resources. First, the current structure and the availability of programs and instruments to stimulate innovation and entrepreneurial behavior are presented. The next section outlines the theoretical framework based on the concepts of New Economic Growth Theory. The fourth section provides an overview of national and regional figures for innovation and entrepreneurship based on data from the Regional Innovation Scoreboard and the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor. The section also addresses the potentials of regional growth initiatives based on entrepreneurship and innovation stimulating measures from an empirical and conceptual point of view. The final section summarizes the main findings and addresses how the identified potential conflicts of targets and interests can be avoided, or solved in the process of implementation.
Andreas P. Cornett
Charlie Karlsson, Andreas P. Cornett and Tina Wallin
Nino Javakhishvili-Larsen, Andreas P. Cornett and Martin Klatt
In recent decades, European neighbouring regions have gained importance in the processes of spatial integration within the European Union. Based on the European Cohesion goals, cross-border cooperation among institutions supports the socio-economic development of the regions and enhances equality across Europe. In order to study cross-border institutional cooperation, this chapter develops a conceptual model of cross-border institutional thickness (CBIT) and tests its applicability on the case study of the Rhine-Waal region (NL-GE). It is explorative research, based on the Interreg IVA project database. The chapter focuses on institutions, cross-border initiatives and policies, and contributes to the body of empirical evidence on the issue. A set of social network analysis techniques are applied to measure the CBIT model and unfold some facts about cross-border interactions among institutions by means of Interreg projects in the Rhine-Waal region.