Law is a foundation of the study and practice of public administration. Nevertheless, law suffers from the “anti-legal temper” of public administration scholarship. This chapter illustrates the potential for a renewed focus on law and legal institutions within public administration by highlighting two areas of interdisciplinary research. First, the legal facet of interlocal government collaboration has been largely ignored in public administration. Accordingly, this chapter explores why legal studies have failed to gain traction among public administration scholars and how the legal literature on interlocal government cooperation can benefit the study of collaboration in public administration. Second, this chapter explains that judicial administration (that is, the planning and operation of courts) is neglected by public management literature and why this oversight must be remedied. First, this chapter begins by introducing the most common treatment of law within public administration: federal administrative law.
Andrew Osorio and Rosemary O’Leary
American courts are a major institutional player in the field of domestic environmental policy. Through judicial review, courts set standards in environmental law and exercise oversight of the federal agencies responsible for establishing and implementing environmental regulations. This entry begins by providing an introductory summary of the American court system with particular attention to environmental law and judicial oversight of agency actions. Next, several observations concerning the current impact of courts on environmental policy are synthesized from recent legal literature. Finally, concluding remarks are offered regarding the future of American courts and U.S. environmental policy.