How does the concept of social justice apply to the sphere of work and income? The author focuses in this chapter on the economic sphere most critical for individuals. He argues that with modern economies offering huge scope for injustice, Rawls’ largely abstract analysis allows moral and political philosophy to ignore actually existing economic practices and the concrete forms of injustice they are associated with. He therefore attempts to provide the reader with a guide to how such elements of individual economic life such as earned income, unearned income, transfers, investment, wealth, what he calls ‘improperty’ and so on, reflect (or not) aspects of social justice. He also provides a sense of what kinds of socio-economic policies might help us achieve it.