This chapter focuses on the use of leader-member exchange (LMX) theory in HRM research. Considering the relationship between managers and employees, LMX theory can explain differences between how people are managed at work. By distinguishing between high- and low-quality LMX exchanges, and economic and social HRM exchanges, HRM scholars can understand why some employees perceive more or less HRM practices and express higher or lower levels of job satisfaction, commitment or performance. This chapter presents ways in which HRM and LMX combine to affect employees, and ends with the development of a research agenda for the use of LMX theory in HRM research.
Julia Brandl, Anna Bos-Nehles and Ina Aust
This chapter presents a state-of the art review of research on cross-national variation in organising human resource management (HRM) work based on open systems theorising of organisations. The authors suggest that practical efforts for organising HRM are based on three alternative models (classic, neo-classic, and modern), and identify the major theoretical traditions that have guided research in this field. Based on the inclusion of empirical studies, the chapter includes a new section on research in the tradition of new institutional theory as well as key issues and future research directions.