Thorvaldur Gylfason and Anne Meuwese
This chapter maps the use of digital tools in the Icelandic constitutional revision process of 2011 and discusses its aftermath in subsequent years. Although causal links between the digital elements of the process and the content and fate of the constitutional Bill are impossible to establish, an analysis of the Icelandic constitution-writing efforts as ‘digital democracy’ reveals some important lessons. High-quality input into constitution-making processes through digital participation is possible, but the very threat of this to vested institutional interests also makes consensus on and enforcement of the ‘rules of the game’ of paramount importance.
Anne C.M. Meuwese and Stijn van Voorst
This chapter presents an overview of how various strands of American and European legal literature deal with regulatory impact assessment (IA). Starting from the role IA plays in the classic field of administrative and constitutional law scholarship, the authors move to more specialized fields such as legislative studies, law and economics and socio-legal studies. They find that – as it becomes more inter-disciplinary – legal scholarship displays a growing interest in the topic, often from a critical perspective.