Formal university technology transfer mechanisms, through licensing agreements, research joint ventures, and university-based startups, have attracted considerable attention in the academic literature. Surprisingly, there has been little systematic empirical analysis of the propensity of academics to engage in informal technology transfer.
Albert N. Link, Donald S. Siegel and Barry Bozeman
Andrew Kao and Barry Bozeman
Engineering Research Centers (ERCs) constitute a particularly influential form of Cooperative Research Center (CRC), an interdisciplinary, block grant, industry-oriented research center. Established with funding from the US National Science Foundation (NSF), ERCs also pool industry financial and in-kind resources in support of the program’s mission to bridge academic and industrial research, while providing hands-on education to engineering students. According to Kao and Bozeman, the program is viewed as a success but it is not clear from the current literature whether or not the same ends might have been achieved through other means. The impact of the program is also not clear, nor is it known if the program is financially sustainable with NSF support, providing excellent fodder for future research.