Having returned to the idea of Andean integration after leaving the Community in 1976, Chile was seeking opportunities to – as president Michelle Bachelet said – come back to the place which they never should have left. Santiago hoped to enhance its concept of open regionalism, which would make it possible for the region and the outside states to gain benefits from broadly established economic liaisons. On the other hand, it was believed that Chile’s participation in the CAN would be mutually beneficial. Nevertheless, the initial enthusiasm has faded as Chilean ambitions regarding its position in a broader regional and global context strongly contrasted with the status of the CAN, which is struggling with its internal cohesion problems and lack of detailed vision regarding future strategic goals. This all made the concept of strategic partnership between Chile and the CAN fail to meet the parties’ expectations.