Beatriz Mella Lira discusses the use of the Capability Approach in relation to transport and social equity. The concepts of capabilities and functionings are used, to help consider the things a persons may value doing and being, including the activities that they are able to perform. A list of social indicators is developed, including life, bodily health, bodily integrity, sense and emotion. The lower the levels and higher the gap between the current and expected achievement of opportunities are seen as reflective of social inequity, with transport viewed as a facilitator in the development of fairer societies.
Robin Hickman, Beatriz Mella Lira, Moshe Givoni and Karst Geurs
This introductory chapter, from Robin Hickman, Beatriz Mella Lira, Moshe Givoni and Karst Geurs, outlines the topic of transport, including transport systems and new transport projects, and the associated spatial and social impacts. Definitions of transport, space and equity are given, providing the framework for the chapters that follow. The context to the book is found in our cities, where we see increasing inequity, in income, activities and life opportunities. A focus on supporting economic growth, the financialisation of development, and overlooking of distributional issues, has led to very unequal lifestyles, including significantly unequal participation in activities across many cities globally. Transport systems and new transport projects play an important part in this, with different transport infrastructure leading to inequitable travel behaviours, such as certain socio-demographic groups using particular parts of the transport system and accessing particular activities and opportunities.
Karst Geurs, Moshe Givoni, Beatriz Mella Lira and Robin Hickman
The final chapter, from Karst Geurs, Moshe Givoni, Beatriz Mella Lira and Robin Hickman, brings the edited collection to a close. The material from the previous chapters is discussed, synthesising the current ‘state-of-the-art’ in our understanding on transport, space and equity. The chapter reflects on the emerging issues for future research and practice.