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Benjamin K. Sovacool

Although adaptation projects are a growing and necessary part of responding to climate change, they can generate undesirable outcomes. Drawing from concepts in political economy, political ecology, justice theory, and critical development studies, this chapter describes four ways in which adaptation projects can produce unintended, adverse, or inequitable results. Enclosure refers to when adaptation projects transfer public assets, shift costs, or redistribute risk. Exclusion refers to when adaptation projects limit access to resources or marginalise particular stakeholders. Encroachment refers to when adaptation projects intrude upon land use areas with predefined roles or degrade the natural environment. Entrenchment refers to when projects aggravate the disempowerment of women and minorities, or worsen social conditions such as income inequality or violent conflict. In exploring these themes, the chapter touches upon numerous themes in International Political Economy scholarship, including critical development studies, neoliberalism and the corporatisation of public assets and goods, and normative approaches to IPE such as global justice and Marxism.

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Introduction

Politics, Hubris and Energy Security

Benjamin K. Sovacool and Christopher J. Cooper

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Understanding why energy megaprojects fail

Politics, Hubris and Energy Security

Benjamin K. Sovacool and Christopher J. Cooper

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The Trans-ASEAN Gas Pipeline Network (TAGP)

Politics, Hubris and Energy Security

Benjamin K. Sovacool and Christopher J. Cooper

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The Baku–Tbilisi–Ceyhan (BTC) oil pipeline

Politics, Hubris and Energy Security

Benjamin K. Sovacool and Christopher J. Cooper

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The Sarawak Corridor of Renewable Energy (SCORE)

Politics, Hubris and Energy Security

Benjamin K. Sovacool and Christopher J. Cooper

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The Gobitec solar array

Politics, Hubris and Energy Security

Benjamin K. Sovacool and Christopher J. Cooper

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Conclusions—bigger is blunder

Politics, Hubris and Energy Security

Benjamin K. Sovacool and Christopher J. Cooper

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Benjamin K. Sovacool and Christopher J. Cooper

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The Governance of Energy Megaprojects

Politics, Hubris and Energy Security

Benjamin K. Sovacool and Christopher J. Cooper

Based on extensive original research, this book explores the technical, social, political, and economic dimensions of four Asian energy megaprojects: a regional natural gas pipeline network in Southeast Asia, a series of hydroelectric dams on the island of Borneo, an oil pipeline linking Europe with the Caspian Sea, and a very large solar energy array in the Gobi desert.