The Afterword questions the possibility that a new era of social dialogue is opening up in Europe. Self-employed professionals represent here a key stake, because they are skilled, they are mere workers and do not possess the traditional capital and assets of entrepreneurs, and they have been the most dynamic part of the workforce since the beginning of the century. They represent, in a context of enduring unemployment and precariousness in the European Union, one central way of developing employment and diversifying careers. However, they do not fit into the classical processes of social dialogue, which were devised and implemented for salaried workers many years ago. Starting from a traditional definition of social dialogue, and briefly showing the trends and challenges affecting it in the European union, the chapter considers the specific needs of these new workers, connected to the rich potential resources they could provide.