Georges Benko and Bernard Pecqueur
Bernard Pecqueur and Kirsten Koop
Pecqueur and Koop conduct a critical review of the concept of a territorial resource and its application to the city of Grenoble, France. As the authors explain, the use of the term “resource” in relation to territory not only refers to material resources but also includes immaterial ones (e.g. know-how). They further explain that territorial resources may exist in the actual or potential state and be either generic or specific. The authors discuss the process of revealing and constructing territory-specific resources. They apply it to Grenoble, a medium-sized European city that is clearly part of globalisation as it has developed a strategy of resource specification in the field of technologies (e.g. nano-technologies). Overall, a territory should be seen as the result of a particular form of coordination between various (territorial) actors, whereby specific resources and assets are created out of latent (i.e. not yet revealed) resources. Far from being a static network of actors, territorial coordination is actually a discriminating process that takes place over time, thus providing a method to reconstruct the development paths of territories around the world. Likewise, the case of Grenoble is indicative of the situation of many medium-sized cities in the world economy that are situated below the metropolis in the urban hierarchy and whose position and prosperity are constantly being questioned.