Right-wing parties across Europe seem to have a single issue - they mobilize against immigration. However, a gender perspective reveals that beneath the surface another project can be seen - the fundamental transformation of liberal democracies. The chapter rereads the Polanyian notions of “commodification” and “double movement” with a gender perspective. Right-wing movements against the disembedding of markets turn the frustration over neoliberal restructuring against immigrants, and against the emancipatory movements of the 1960s and 1970s such as the feminist movement, evocating a “crisis of masculinity”. Thus, the radical right claims to resolve the losses of the working class by reinterpreting class issues as issues of migrants and of gender equality policies. Thus, recent right-wing mobilization must be seen as (male) identity politics. Moreover, anti-gender mobilization is used to modulate new hegemonic constellations and to forge new alliances with conservatives, with the Catholic Church as well as with liberals.
Johanna Hofbauer, Katharina Kreissl, Birgit Sauer and Angelika Striedinger
Academic careers are a significant topic in EDI research. Our research aims to understand the ambiguous and contradictory developments of gender relations at Austrian universities and to explain persistent career barriers for women academics without neglecting opportunities that emerge in the frame of new governance in higher education. While existing research primarily focuses on the organization ‘university’ as the immediate context of careers, we propose to extend the horizon of analysis. We think that a gendering of organizational structures emerges from and unfolds within a multi-layered social reality that entails social (power) relations and structures of meaning inside and outside the organization. Our study refers to Pierre Bourdieu’s comprehensive theory of social fields and argues for the benefits of a multi-level analysis. It aims to unravel important interlinkages between macro-, meso- and micro-level phenomena and to reveal the subtle and often invidious barriers to women’s careers in academia.
Roland Atzmüller, Brigitte Aulenbacher, Ulrich Brand, Fabienne Décieux, Karin Fischer and Birgit Sauer
The chapter reflects on the transformation of capitalism we have witnessed since the 1970s, discusses the growing interest in Karl Polanyi’s masterpiece The Great Transformation and presents how the book refers to it. In particular, the economic liberalization through the post-1989 phase of globalization which resulted in the 2008/9 crisis of finance and subsequent austerity schemes has been accompanied by growing interest in Polanyian perspectives. In the first part of the chapter important strands of the discussion are recapitulated in regard to the strength of Karl Polanyi’s thought without neglecting the fact that it cannot be rediscovered and reread today without critical reflections and high attentiveness for its contextualization in time and space. The second part describes the composition of the book which combines historical and theoretical perspectives on Karl Polanyi’s work and capitalism in transformation, analyses contemporary developments in Europe and beyond and refers to the idea of “fictitious commodities” to understand the economic, ecological, social, cultural and political transformations of capitalism of “our time”.