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Yexuan Gu and Brian Deal

To improve the widespread applications of planning support systems (PSS), this chapter proposes a procedural framework that provides a systematic and comprehensive process for PSS implementation. The procedural framework is created by integrating PSS technologies and a geodesign process within a resilience framing. By integrating these technologies, processes and theories, we develop a framework that can help broaden the realm of PSS implementation from a purely planning-orientated activity into other fields. The new framework invites a variety of organizations, scientists, stakeholders and community residents to engage in the process and collaborate. The framework also helps to reveal the value of PSS technologies in achieving more resilient outcomes. The proposed procedural method can reshape organizational characteristics towards PSS use. We first briefly describe the notions of geodesign, resilience, and introduce a PSS technology platform in shaping a new PSS implementation framework. We then test the robustness of the framework in a case-study application in Sangamon County, Illinois. In our application we find that the proposed integration both enhanced the usefulness of the PSS and improved the overall credibility of the geodesign-based and resilient design process. We conclude the chapter with a discussion on advantages, potential challenges and transferability of the framework across different contexts.