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Bruno de Witte

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Bruno De Witte

This chapter criticizes the metamorphosis thesis, i.e. the widely held view in the scholarly literature that the EU'’s economic constitution has been radically transformed during the time of the euro crisis. The criticism is based on a distinction between the EMU part of the economic constitution and the older, and equally important, internal market part. Whereas the latter has hardly changed at all in the past 10 years of economic crisis, the EMU part has certainly seen the adoption of many new rules and institutional mechanisms, although one may doubt whether this has radically modified either the institutional arrangements or the core substantive rules of EMU.

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Monica Claes and Bruno de Witte

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Edited by Bruno De Witte, Andrea Ott and Ellen Vos

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Bruno De Witte, Andrea Ott and Ellen Vos

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Between Flexibility and Disintegration

The Trajectory of Differentiation in EU Law

Edited by Bruno De Witte, Andrea Ott and Ellen Vos

Differentiation was at first not perceived as a threat to the European project, but rather as a tool to promote further integration. Today, more EU policies than ever are marked by concentric circles of integration and a lack of uniform application. As the EU faces increasingly existential challenges, this timely book considers whether the proliferation of mechanisms of flexibility has contributed to this newly fragile state or whether, to the contrary, differentiation has been fundamental to integration despite the heterogeneity of national interests and priorities.
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Edited by Mark Dawson, Bruno De Witte and Elise Muir

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Elise Muir, Mark Dawson and Bruno de Witte