This chapter sets the scene for the Handbook by examining definitions of sustainable transport and explaining the rationale and structure of the book. The four parts of the book are outlined, including the brief that authors were given for their contributions to the book.
Edited by Carey Curtis
Jan Scheurer and Carey Curtis
Jan Scheurer and Carey Curtis examine socio-spatial equity and transit investment in Melbourne. Following inner-urban gentrification trends over several decades, Australia’s larger cities show a strong pattern for socio-economically disadvantaged groups to reside at the urban fringe, where they are also transport-disadvantaged. Spatial data compares socio-economic disadvantage against indicators of public transport accessibility to illustrate how current public transport investment programs in Melbourne could be modified and expanded to address spatial inequalities. It is argued that a greater geographical reach of high-quality public transport and of opportunities for low-car living must coincide with dedicated housing affordability programs if a reversal of social-spatial disparities is to occur.
Phil Goodwin and Carey Curtis
The paradigm of sustainable transport challenges the practice of providing for excessive growth in car-based travel, whose negative consequences are deeply embedded. Issues of climate change, equity, health, economic and social welfare need to be tackled by radical transport policies and widespread behaviour change. The best practical evidence shows that these can command consensus and work effectively, but in many places the old paradigm continues to be implemented in practice. The covid19 pandemic demonstrates that behaviour change is achievable where there is strong leadership and community commitment, but also that even in crisis there can still be the pursuit of policies which reflect outdated ambitions. There is a need for policy consistency and balance, use of demonstration projects to allow experience, and a governance model that provides for governments, stakeholders and community to work together to bring about change through integrated thinking and new tools of analysis and monitoring.
Shaoli Wang, Carey Curtis and Jan Scheurer
In many respects Chinese and Australian urban planning and transport strategies follow the same path towards promoting public transport use at the expense of car driving. But the use of the private car occurs as an integral part of cultural and social life for individuals and families. Travel choice reasons are many and complex. The relationship between travellers’ travel attitude factors and revealed travel behavior is examined, drawing on a survey of residents from Kangjian, Shanghai and Bull Creek, Perth, These suburbs were selected on the basis of high public transport accessibility. A performance/importance rating measures the satisfaction and dissatisfaction of individual travellers. The extent to which improvements in service quality can be used to increase acceptance of public transport depends on the users’ perceptions of the quality of services. This suggests a policy for integrating a preference shaping process into public transport planning may be of benefit.