In knowledge governance actors purposefully create and disseminate knowledge to devise solutions for complex policy problems. This chapter unravels this knowledge governance empirically by analysing three cases of knowledge governance in sustainable development: how they emerged, how they were structured and how they contributed to solving policy problems. Additionally, the cases are compared by using a set of theoretical knowledge governance characteristics. The cases are: ‘Sustainable Dairy Farming in the Northern Frisian Woodlands’, ‘Seaweed Farming in the North Sea’, and ‘Metropolitan Food Cluster Mexico’. The chapter identifies two types of knowledge governance that differ in the governance challenges they face.