This chapter explores why leaders who encounter educator sexual misconduct fail to act. Up to 10 percent of students report being the sexual target of an educator at least once during their school career. This chapter explores three scenarios explaining why the prevention of educator sexual misconduct has not been the focus of school leaders, using evidence presented in civil cases where a student has been sexually abused by an employee. Among the data points included are school district policies, training materials and requirements, hiring policies and practices, personnel files, student files, medical/mental health files, environmental scans of the school buildings, and police records from the criminal prosecution of the employee abuser. In addition, depositions of victims, school administrators and other personnel, victim families, and the abuser act as interview transcripts and, as sworn testimony, are as close to that person’s “truth” as is likely to be available.