This chapter focuses on the different ‘zero initiatives’ that have recently emerged in the literature. By investigating the main components of three different zero-related policies – zero deaths from traffic accidents, zero crime and zero waste – it aims to identify areas of common ground and establish their conceptual and practical integration. The chapter shows that although the core elements of such strategies are rooted in the intersection and developments of each specific science and policy area, they all share some common principles and methodological steps. Also, the systemic, complex and ambitious character of vision zero strategies couple them to smart city technologies and infrastructure which can provide significant added value to traditional solutions and efforts in dealing with urban problems. By combining these two discourses, the chapter finds connections between smart city developments with vision zero related methodological guidelines with the aim to facilitate their diffusion to different urban settings and city domains.
Christina Kakderi and Anastasia Tasopoulou
The economic crisis of 2008_09 had an unprecedented impact on the Greek economy leading to profound transformation both at the political and economic level. This chapter explores the impact on the region of West Macedonia which, among the Greek regions, was one of the most severely affected by the recent crisis. The chapter demonstrated that the region lacked resilience owing to its inherited structural frailties and its over-dependence on a narrow set of industries and public sector employment and pay. Whilst the European Structural Funds provided some security in terms of funding as well as some much-needed adaptability in policy tools and instruments, the highly centralised nature of government and planning structures made for limited flexibility and responsiveness at the regional scale.
Integrating Technologies, Platforms and Governance
Edited by Nicos Komninos and Christina Kakderi
Nicos Komninos, Anastasia Panori and Christina Kakderi
Smart cities emerge from collaboration technologies (IoT, social media, blockchain), data science and AI. The algorithmic logic, under which these technologies operate, can be much more effective if combined with other sources of intelligence available in cities, such as human intelligence, creativity and innovation, collective and collaborative intelligence within institutions or over platforms. Along this line of thought, the first part of the book brings together authors that discuss the academic establishment of the smart city paradigm as outcome of collaborative endeavour rather than algorithms and automation. The second part focuses on major technologies that allow collaborative initiatives to develop at large scale. Smart cities are a technological construct driven by information technologies and embedded smart objects, but also a complex cyber-physical system in which cities, knowledge processes, and digital technologies are blended to generate new solutions. The third part of the book looks into the governance of smart cities, and mainly how technologies and digital platforms allow for citizen engagement and the setting of collaboration networks that generate innovations for better cities.