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Pierre Courtioux and Christine Erhel

The French model of social dialogue has undergone several reforms that have further accelerated over recent years (since the 2008 crisis). The purpose of this chapter is to present some evidence on such ‘modernisation’ of social dialogue’, most recent trends and its links with labour market inequalities, wages and employment inequalities. It notably explores the effects of decentralisation and the inclusion of some flexicurity components at three traditional levels of social dialogue: national, sectoral and firm levels. It also describes the various sources of inequality emerging in the labour market before exploring the possible role of social dialogue – together with the involvement of the state – to generate more balanced and sustainable outcomes.

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Pierre Courtioux and Christine Erhel

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Pierre Courtioux and Christine Erhel

The French model of social dialogue has undergone several reforms that have further accelerated over recent years (since the 2008 crisis). The purpose of this chapter is to present some evidence on such ‘modernisation’ of social dialogue’, most recent trends and its links with labour market inequalities, wages and employment inequalities. It notably explores the effects of decentralisation and the inclusion of some flexicurity components at three traditional levels of social dialogue: national, sectoral and firm levels. It also describes the various sources of inequality emerging in the labour market before exploring the possible role of social dialogue – together with the involvement of the state – to generate more balanced and sustainable outcomes.

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Christine Erhel, Jérôme Gautié and Bernard Gazier

The European Employment Strategy is a key pillar of risk management at the European level. The ‘job quality’ agenda is a good illustration of the construction of an important component of the European Employment Strategy, in terms of its conception and implementation. The purpose of this chapter is to explore the evolution of this agenda. It shows that the process around job quality is characterised by strong hesitations at the European level, but also by a semi-autonomous process, which can be described as a bottom-up, deepening of the issue. The hesitations at the European level can be understood as the result of competing agendas – the ‘flexibilisation’ agenda promoted by the OECD and the IMF, and the ‘Decent Work’ agenda promoted by the ILO. Job quality has also been a fluctuating priority for social partners. But some actors at different levels seem to have committed themselves to a deepening process, as illustrated by some initiatives taken at national or regional level.

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Christine Erhel, Jerome Gautié, Berard Gazier and Sylvie Morel

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Christine Erhel, Léa Lima and Chantal Nicole-Drancourt