This chapter considers the role of career education, information, advice and guidance (CEIAG) services in supporting young people and their choices in the transition from school to continuing education and employment. Drawing on NEGOTIATE interviews, we focus on CEIAG policy in the United Kingdom and Norway. The importance of CEIAG for youth transition is demonstrated and good practice is identified before we consider the long and chequered history of services in England, which has a 20-year record of changing policy and instability. This contrasts with Norway, where changing economic circumstances have led to a review of policy and a drive to establish improved career education and support. We consider barriers to the delivery of good-practice CEIAG policy and we explore whether Norway can learn lessons from England in a process of policy transfer.
Christine Lewis and Ida Tolgensbakk
Margherita Bussi, Mi Ah Schoyen, Janikke Solstad Vedeler, Jacqueline O’Reilly, Ann McDonnell and Christine Lewis
This chapter focuses on the mechanisms underlying social resilience, concentrating on individuals who successfully coped with precarious employment when young. The capability approach and the concept of social resilience are used jointly. The first allows us to identify factors of conversion that helped transform (im)material resources into valuable outcomes. The second qualifies the individual negotiation process (coping, adaptive, transformative). We analysed life-course interviews with individuals living in Norway and the United Kingdom – two countries with distinctive youth transition regimes _ to capture interactions between institutional structure and individual agency. Both countries present examples of adaptive and transformative resilience, but the factors of conversion are different. Education coupled with institutional support from public employment services were relevant conversion factors for young Norwegians. In the United Kingdom, by contrast, the voluntary sector, informal networks and education were more likely to fill the gap of a non-punitive support system.