This chapter describes the changing geography of transport between East Asia and Europe, with a special focus on China in light of the recent “Belt and Road Initiative” (BRI). Furthermore, it assesses how geopolitical considerations also play an increasing role in the design of the new transport infrastructure within the Eurasian continent and its potential effect on the maritime transport lanes between Asia and Europe. This is done through a study of factors behind the transport flows, including the development of two-way seaborne trade between Europe and East Asia, the integration of global and regional value chains, and investment in new land- and sea-based infrastructure, as well as time, cost and capacity factors that reshape transport geography. The BRI provides different geopolitical options to secure China’s growing ambitions in world politics and commerce, and to balance the sensitive relations with competing power centres in the region.
Claes G. Alvstam and Inge Ivarsson
In Chapter 8, Alvstam and Ivarsson (2020) analyze the process of knowledge and technology transfer within an acquired firm, after acquisition by a Chinese multinational firm. The empirical case study is taken from the acquisition in 2010 of Volvo Car Corporation by Zhejiang Geely Holding Group. The process of knowledge transfer between Volvo Car and Geely Group include many different aspects. The chapter provides details of this knowledge transfer, through integrated greenfield plants, collaboration in a new engine plant, coordination and co-operation at supply-systems, integration of management and engineering resources, joint R & D ventures, as well as development based on a joint platform Compact Module Architecture (CMA). The chapter argues these are the aspects are used by the Geely Group, in order to gradually upgrade their process, product, functional and production capacity, and thereby achieve an upgrading in the global value chain.