Chapter 7 examines patterns of education homogamy in China, which refers to people’s tendency to marry those with similar educational attainment. It is a crucial determinant of the distribution of various resources (social, economic, and cultural capital) and serves as a key mate selection criterion. It summarizes seven hypotheses can predict an increasing trend: educational homogenization, status attainment, educational legitimacy, economic inequality, promoted sameness, female economic attractiveness, and gender inequality. In contemporary China, the rapid educational expansion and the rising return to education may lead support to three hypotheses: educational homogenization, status attainment, and educational legitimacy. The increasing economic distances require attention to the economic inequality hypothesis. Additionally, gender-related social factors play a role in spousal resemblance on education. The increasing gender segregation in occupations and earning differentiation calls for research on the gender inequality hypothesis. Finally, attention to the rural_urban divide is required in the study of educational homogamy partly because of differences in the population structure and marriage patterns.
Lijun Song, Rachel Skaggs and Cleothia Frazier
Lijun Song, Cleothia G. Frazier and Philip J. Pettis
In this chapter the authors provide a thorough grounding in Bourdieu (1986) and Lin (2001). The application of sociology to networks brings some novel outcomes. While network resources generally bring positive effects on health and wellbeing, the social relationships within the network could bring negative effects. The research describes, for example, how competing subgroups can develop for the resource. The authors explain results contrary to the usual intuitive outcome. They also explain the effect of circumstances that limit the “reachability” of one’s desired goals.