This chapter challenges capitalocentric understandings of complexity in African urban land markets. Inspired by a diverse economies perspective, the author builds on widely-accepted elements of land transactions seeking to remain as open as possible to their eventual form or relative position. This affords an opportunity to analyse the diversity of African urban land markets so that the complexity arises from the continual need to configure five different elements in more or less stable arrangements. Together these elements constitute land markets. This approach multiplies possibilities for understanding different logics and operations of urban land markets inherent in these configurations so that interventions can be more supportive of poor women and men’s livelihoods.