The transformative impact of digitalization on society and the state of democracy can scarcely be overestimated. Effects are visible within the national state and across borders, as well as on knowledge production and political participation and social structures. In this introductory chapter, the variety of norms and ideals which are reflected in just as many different conceptions of democracy are singled out with regard to the respective chapters in this volume. Based on this, also some further thoughts on the topic are elaborated upon and a networked approach is advocated.
Maurice Adams and Corien Prins
Bart Jan van Ettekoven and Corien Prins
This chapter discusses the challenges and transformation the judiciary faces with the advent of AI (artificial intelligence). Rather than focusing on the much debated ‘robot judge’, the authors discuss developments that are more realistic such as analytics to support judicial activities, including tools for understanding and modelling the judicial process, for promoting uniformity and efficiency in judicial practice as well as flexibility, efficiency and accuracy in judicial tasks. The authors also exemplify the specific risks for the judiciary that come with AI. Finally they develop a framework (compass) that aims to facilitate the discussion on whether AI should or should not be applied by the judiciary given core values such as independency, impartiality, integrity, transparency, the principles of due process, proper procedural law, as well as other professional standards.