Corinne Mulley and Barbara T.H. Yen
Many cities are renewing, extending and developing their public transport networks in response to the sustainability agenda. Value capture is viewed as one of the most promising alternative funding sources. However, several key elements need to be considered before implementing a value capture scheme. The value capture concept is underpinned by land rent theory which identifies the land value increases or value uplift following changes in accessibility provided by new public transport infrastructure. Therefore, this chapter provides a review of value uplift before turning to the key elements of value capture as a funding tool for public transport infrastructure. Value capture is considered as a number of different strategies including an assessment of equity and concludes with the case study of Crossrail in London.
Corinne Mulley, John Nelson and David A. Hensher
Intelligent Mobility (IM) links technology in the broadest sense to different aspects of mobility. IM, having developed from the previous focus on Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS), is now associated with the appropriate use of new and emerging technologies linked to the wider societal objective of enabling the smarter, greener and more efficient movement of people and goods. The IM agenda is thus of strong interest to many governments because of its link to future prosperity and quality of life and the way it is seen as promoting ‘joined up thinking’ in a multi-modal world. The chapter illustrates IM in a number of application areas: journey planning, automatic vehicle locationing, bus priority systems, smart parking and smart ticketing. In each case the current research agendas for the application areas are outlined. A section is devoted to Mobility as a Service (MaaS), as a clear IM application in its use of new technology to provide an all-encompassing customer experience for mobility services. This section discusses the current situation with MaaS and identifies the key issues for further research. The concluding section provides overarching suggestions for a research agenda in Intelligent Mobility.
Veronique Van Acker, Corinne Mulley and Loan Ho
A growing number of travel behaviour studies use subjective factors such as perceptions and attitudes, but generally consider these as a given or static trait of the individual. In contrast, this chapter investigates how childhood experiences affect present-day residential perceptions and travel attitudes, thus allowing for attitudes to be more dynamically formed. A multiple group path analysis, a form of structural equation analysis (SEM), illustrates how these relationships differ between generations. Results indicate that childhood experiences have a long-lasting effect in that individuals choose a residential environment similar to the one they grew up in as a child, or that they develop a (dis)liking of travel based on the travel situation in their childhood. Because of this, childhood experiences have an indirect effect on public transport and bike use at a later age. This means exposing people to public transport-rich and bikeable environments from a young age onwards could be another policy avenue towards sustainable mobility.