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Daan Fonck

This chapter sheds light on the European Parliament’s (EP) diplomatic involvement through the so-called Cox–Kwa_niewski Monitoring Mission in the lead-up to the November 2013 Vilnius Eastern Partnership summit. By applying a transnational perspective to the role of parliaments in foreign policy, it is argued the EP is able to directly interact with third actors, in that way bypassing the EU’s foreign policy executive. The analysis shows how the EP’s monitoring mission was able to develop itself as a diplomatic intermediary between the EU and the Ukrainian authorities on the issue of selective justice, profiling itself largely as a competitive actor vis-à-vis the Council. At the same time, the mission benefited from a context in which the Council offered limited resistance to its increased prominence and where the Commission eventually put its full weight behind the EP’s diplomatic mission.

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Daan Fonck and Kolja Raube

The literature on European foreign policy (EFP) remains almost silent on the role or influence of cross-border, or ‘trans-parliamentary’, activities. This chapter looks at the parliamentary dimension in EFP through a predominantly transnational lens. Against the backdrop of transnational literature, the chapter argues that transnationalism is able to provide insights on the parliamentary dimension of EFP in three different aspects: the ability to serve as a descriptive tool that is able to provide an ontology of the transnational parliamentary field; to understand the cross-border behaviour and functions of parliamentary actors in EFP; and to advance the normative agenda of transnational parliamentarism, especially in view of democratizing international politics through empowering societal actors.