This chapter explores the role of ideas and language in the development of social programmes in Europe and beyond. The first part of the chapter offers a concise and critical overview of the existing literature on ideas and policy change; the second part draws attention on the understudied role of policy language and concepts, which is part of a new, cutting-edge agenda for ideational research. Overall, the chapter points to the impact of historical and transnational processes on policy change and, more specifically, on the development of the ideas and social policy nexus in Europe and elsewhere around the world
Daniel Béland and Klaus Petersen
Daniel Béland and John Myles
Daniel Béland and André Lecours
The chapter looks at the territorial politics of fiscal federalism. Its primary objective is to explain why fiscal federalism can become a contentious political question and is the subject of intergovernmental conflict. The chapter primarily uses the cases of Canada and Australia to investigate these questions. It first discusses the factors that contribute to the politicization of fiscal transfers and redistribution. The chapter then considers vertical fiscal transfers and their potential for politicization. Third, it provides an analysis of the politics of horizontal fiscal redistribution, a process typically operated by equalization programnes. Finally, the authors problematize the very existence of these equalization programmes by explaining why they do not exist in the United States.