David B. Zoogah
How does tribal diversity relate to collective productivity? Using multiple data sources and demography theory, I examine the process by which tribal diversity relates to collective productivity at the national level. The results show social inclusion policies and building human resources intervene in the relationship between tribal diversity and collective productivity. I also find that tribal identity moderates the relationships between tribal diversity and (1) social inclusion and (2) human resources development. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed to enhance tribal diversity management particularly in the context of the study: Africa.
David B. Zoogah, Elham Kamal Metwally and Tarek Tantoush
This chapter reviews historical, institutional, governance, business environment, competitiveness, human development, and demographic factors influencing human resource management (HRM) in Algeria, Egypt, Libya, and Tunisia. Based on case studies, examples are provided of how reactions to similar contexts can produce very different strategic HRM outcomes. The authors conclude with a discussion of the implications and challenges of HRM research in Northern Africa given the paucity of research in the region.