David B. Zoogah
David B. Zoogah, Elham Kamal Metwally and Tarek Tantoush
This chapter reviews historical, institutional, governance, business environment, competitiveness, human development, and demographic factors influencing human resource management (HRM) in Algeria, Egypt, Libya, and Tunisia. Based on case studies, examples are provided of how reactions to similar contexts can produce very different strategic HRM outcomes. The authors conclude with a discussion of the implications and challenges of HRM research in Northern Africa given the paucity of research in the region.