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David A.L. Coldwell

The chapter considers four main approaches to environmental resource management in relation to declining natural resources. These four approaches: resource exploitive, resource conservationist, resource preservationist and extreme preservationist are considered from anthropocentric and ecocentric points of view in terms of their ethical and economic cogency. Ethical aspects of declining environmental resources are analysed specifically in relation to intergenerational equity and the constant natural assets rule. Such ethical issues are considered in conjunction with their likely economic effects on corporate and environmental sustainability, by analysing different types of ecocentric and anthropocentric approaches to natural resource utilization. The chapter suggests that resource-exploitive approaches, such as those used by conventional cost–benefit analysis are likely to have serious negative long-term repercussions that are fundamentally inimical to environmental and ‘strong’ (intergenerational) corporate sustainability. The chapter builds an exploratory model of ‘strong’ corporate sustainability that incorporates ethical, environmental and economic rationale with intergenerational equity considerations. It is maintained that the exploratory model offers a more generalized, ‘fine-grained’ and durable approach to corporate sustainability