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David Coen and Wyn Grant

This comprehensive research review identifies the key articles on relations between business and government from a variety of perspectives and disciplines. The editors have selected works that explore the themes of business and the state, organizing the firm for political action, managing government affairs, lobbying models, business governance and regulation, comparative business and political systems and internationaliastion and transanational business regulation. With an original introduction by the editor, this research review is an essential resource for scholars, students and policymakers interested in political science, business studies and economics.
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David Coen and Wyn Grant

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David Coen and Wyn Grant

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David Coen and Wyn Grant

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Richard Hall and David Grant

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David Grant and Lyria Bennett Moses

Chapter 1 presents the principal argument of the book, that Technology is best understood within the context of a broad historical trajectory. The notion of the trajectory emerges from a critique and elaboration of two elements of major works by Hans Blumenberg: the concept of a modern mythology and the legitimacy of the modern age. This chapter argues that modern mythological magnitudes – Deity, State and Market – have been imagined as archetypally fearsome entities to deal with our existential concerns, and each has an associated regime of practice promoted by a dominant interest and which constitutes at the same time both the subjection of the individual and the empowerment of the magnitude and of those interests. Because of their fearsomeness, the claim is made by respective dominant interests that each magnitude will, on condition of the subjection of individuals, eliminate their existential concerns and deliver sympathetic conditions to them. Technology is the subject of the latest of such systematic claims, in this case that individuals will be empowered to overcome such concerns by being enabled to create the conditions of their own existence, an Absolutism of the Subject. It is argued that the production of a regime of self-responsibility rather than of subjection offers a way out of this mythological maze.

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David Grant and Lyria Bennett Moses

Chapter 2 elaborates the dynamic of the mythological trajectory. It explains how Deity, State and Market were, in turn, each imagined as absolute then slowly engaged to be sympathetic, on condition of individual subjection. It explains how the archetypally fearsome status of each magnitude is degraded by this engagement, leading to the search for a replacement magnitude. By this series, the trajectory has been created. Given the failure of the archetypal Market, the chapter concludes by presenting a detailed explanation of the contemporary emergence of Technology as the means by which the latest element of the trajectory, the idea of the Absolute Subject, is being created.

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David Grant and Lyria Bennett Moses

Chapter 3 provides a further argument in support of the existence and nature of this trajectory by demonstrating that each of the magnitudes has, in turn, subjected science – a traditional companion of technology – as a means to establish its own status. That is, that science itself has been distorted by the serially dominant notions of Deity, State, Market and is now being similarly distorted by the promises of Technology: Technology makes science subject to its mythological imperatives. This argument is also taken as an affirmation that the notion of serial magnitudes, that is, of the trajectory, is robust.

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David Grant and Kenneth Yates

Chapter 4 offers an account of the lessons drawn from a survey of attitudes towards emerging technologies. Broadly, it is clear from this survey that a substantial majority of participants will adopt increasingly intrusive technologies – make themselves subject to technological regimes of practice – so long as assurances are given that these technologies would address their existential concerns, and that they will do so typically without regard for issues of self-responsibility. In addition, participants generally regarded emerging technologies as likely to allow such concerns to be dealt with more effectively than by Deity, State and Market. This, along with the emergence of evidence for an Absolute Subject, is taken as a robust affirmation of the principal arguments put in this work.