Rather than being ‘natural’ entities, territories emerge through a series of social and political practices. Territories can be seen as politicised space, that which is mapped, claimed and bordered. Territorial strategies can be viewed as mechanisms deployed to convey messages of political power, communicated through various means including the creation and securing of borders. Territory is also intimately bound up with identity and can be used to instill and reproduce a sense of loyalty and affiliation. Territories exist across a range of spatial scales and in a wide range of contexts. This chapter explores the concept of territory and the uses of territoriality as a strategy. It focuses on the state, highlighting its territorial practices, foregrounding ongoing debates over the shifting and contingent nature of state sovereignty. Finally, the chapter considers the significance of territory and place in shaping and reproducing a sense of national identity.