Ali Bilgic, Des Gasper and Cathy Wilcock
Today many European citizens and also many migrants into Europe live under fear and anxiety. Existing political structures dichotomize the two sets of insecurities and thus contribute to perpetuate them. This chapter proposes contributions from human security analysis to complement and extend human rights thinking in relation to migration. First, the authors outline human security analysis, and the potential complementarity with human rights. Second, they discuss the migration crisis felt in Europe and some reasons behind it. Third, they consider the responses of securitization and militarization at the EU’s southern borders. Fourth, they analyse why the EU migration policy system, conceived outside of a conception of common human security, produces negative feedbacks and is counterproductive. Fifth, they then suggest how a human security perspective may frame, balance and contribute in migration policy and practice. Finally, the authors review the partial reflection of such a perspective in the 2018 Global Compact on Migration.