Policy considerations are deeply entangled in discussions about tourism and development. Existing policies in a range of sectors can present considerable challenges for the use of tourism as a development tool. Prevailing values and ideologies, and embedded structures and interests can also shape ideas about who is responsible and what policy options are available. However, researchers often only focus on policy outcomes or implications after their research is completed. The purpose of this chapter is to articulate a policy research agenda for tourism and development framed around three broad questions: (1) What is policy? (2) Why is a policy research agenda for tourism development necessary? (3) What should a policy research agenda for tourism and development include? The chapter frames a policy agenda for tourism and development around descriptive, normative, distributive, procedural, predictive, evaluative, relational and reflexive dimensions of policy.