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Dimitris Parsanoglou, Aggeliki Yfanti, Christer Hyggen and Lulu P. Shi

This chapter investigates the potential negative signalling effects of unemployment and participation in active labour market measures in Greece and Norway. A vignette experiment directed at recruiters and employers is applied. Our findings show that negative signalling effects of unemployment are more pronounced in countries where the macroeconomic context is positive and unemployment rates – including the youth unemployment rate – are low. What is also significant is that participation in active labour market policies is not perceived very positively in these cases. Our study shows that participating in ALMPs is perceived in a more positive way in a context of high unemployment, such as in Greece, whereas it might have a negative effect in a context where labour demand is high, such as in Norway. Our findings call for rethinking and, most importantly, contextualizing active labour market policies, taking into account national and sectorial specificities.

Open access

Maria Karamessini, Maria Symeonaki, Dimitris Parsanoglou and Glykeria Stamatopoulou

The objective of this chapter is to map the extent of the various forms of early job insecurity using cross-sectional data and existing and new indicators. The variations in early job insecurity across European countries before and during the crisis are examined using the available raw micro data behind the European Union’s Labour Force Survey for the years 2008 and 2015 (latest available data at the time). By examining flow data between labour market states and entry probabilities from school to the labour market, the chapter compares patterns of labour market entry by individuals aged 15_29 during the crisis and before the crisis. Different indicators are estimated, all of which are linked to diverse dimensions of early job insecurity, and a composite index of early job insecurity is introduced. Countries are sorted according to the estimated composite indicator and the impact of the crisis is considered.

Open access

Maria Karamessini, Maria Symeonaki, Glykeria Stamatopoulou and Dimitris Parsanoglou

This chapter is concerned with factors explaining youth unemployment and inactivity in European countries. We analyse to what extent specific demographic characteristics (gender, educational attainment, nationality, age, degree of urbanization and parental education) are good predictors of the probability of European youth being unemployed or inactive. The analysis makes use of the micro data behind the European Union’s Labour Force Survey for the years 2008 and 2015. A multinomial logistic regression is applied to shed light on youth unemployment and inactivity in nine European countries and their relationship to the above-mentioned sociodemographic variables. We thus identify the features of these countries for the years 2008 and 2015 that are most likely significant for a young individual’s risk of unemployment or inactivity. The analysis reveals that in all countries in 2015 the factor that most decisively affects youth unemployment and inactivity is age.

Open access

Christian Imdorf, Lulu P. Shi, Stefan Sacchi, Robin Samuel, Christer Hyggen, Rumiana Stoilova, Gabriela Yordanova, Pepka Boyadjieva, Petya Ilieva-Trichkova, Dimitris Parsanoglou and Aggeliki Yfanti

Episodes of unemployment or deskilling work can signal low ability to employers and impede individuals’ employment chances. In this chapter we analyse how the scarring effects of experiences of job insecurity vary across countries. We presented fictitious CVs integrated in an online survey to 1920 respondents recruiting for real jobs in five occupational fields in Bulgaria, Greece, Norway and Switzerland. Our findings show that unemployment scarring is strongest in Norway, followed by Switzerland, and is weaker in Bulgaria and Greece. Work experience in deskilling jobs as well as frequent changes of jobs (job-hopping) are also found to decrease applicants’ chances. We interpret our findings with regard to different national economies (youth unemployment), employment protection legislation and education systems, arguing that these country-specific settings shape recruiters’ perceptions of individuals’ precarious job experience, which in turn influences their hiring decisions.