Corporate Citizenship (CC) has emerged as a widely used way of describing the role of business in wider society. As such, CC has been popular with academics, business leaders and politicians alike, as it locates the private corporation within a network of mutual responsibilities and obligations in their social environment. This research review takes stock of the debate by tracing back its origin, identifying the key topics and delineating the key controversies. The review places the discussion on corporate citizenship in a political context within the wider debate on the role of business in society. It features major contributions by the leading scholars in this area and provides an overview of ongoing developments, in particular at the transnational level.