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Peter Mooslechner and Doris Ritzberger-Grünwald

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Edited by Ewald Nowotny, Doris Ritzberger-Grünwald and Helene Schuberth

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Ewald Nowotny, Doris Ritzberger-Grünwald and Helene Schuberth

This chapter examines the political, social and economic challenges that Europe is facing today. Undoubtedly, the process of economic and political integration has been cumbersome, and it is easy to undo its achievements. European Union (EU) funding can help EU Member States align their economic performance and thus stand united. After all, cohesion and convergence form the cornerstone of European integration. Yet, there is good and bad news: business cycles have become more similar in the euro area countries, but the gap in income levels has widened following the global financial crisis. Hence, the EU’s regional policies need an overhaul to become more effective. They should especially target skills, innovation and vulnerable regions, and seek synergies with private investment flows.

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Edited by Ewald Nowotny, Doris Ritzberger-Grünwald and Helene Schuberth

Amid formidable challenges, Europe’s future depends not least on the capacity of its economies to converge toward their better performing peers. Dissecting the complexity of cohesion, this book analyzes which dimensions matter most for the smooth functioning of Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and for the (income) convergence of Central, Eastern and Southeastern European (CESEE) countries. Central bankers, policy-makers and academics discuss how to best advance the catching-up process and look into EU structural and cohesion policies, critically assessing their contribution to economic and social development.
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Edited by Klaus Liebscher, Josef Christl, Peter Mooslechner and Doris Ritzberger-Grünwald

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Edited by Klaus Liebscher, Josef Christl, Peter Mooslechner and Doris Ritzberger-Grünwald

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Edited by Klaus Liebscher, Josef Christl, Peter Mooslechner and Doris Ritzberger-Grünwald

This book combines currency matters with competitiveness considerations, with a view to raising the understanding of exchange rate dynamics and to analysing the role of exchange rates in reinforcing economic competitiveness.
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Ewald Nowotny, Doris Ritzberger-Grünwald and Helene Schuberth

How should we improve economic structures to ensure inclusive and sustainable growth in the European Union (EU)? This introductory chapter sketches important issues raised in the remainder of the book. It highlights strategies to facilitate Europe’s return to balanced growth and convergence, while also revisiting the transition experience of Central, Eastern and Southeastern European (CESEE) countries. Structural policies are seen as key to stimulating growth, ensuring monetary transmission and helping to create fiscal space. Ideally, reforms should also make public administration more efficient and include a supportive macroeconomic policy mix. Consequently, the European Commission has raised the idea of providing financial incentives for structural reforms. Moreover, institutional reform of Economic and Monetary Union is crucial for the resilience of the euro area. The chapter confirms that structural convergence among EU member states – in particular in the CESEE region – is well under way. During the transition process, many CESEE countries followed the advice of institutions that favoured a shock therapy as opposed to a gradual approach more in line with the European social model. Some of the reforms may have gone too far, which might explain why we have recently seen some policy reversals. So, future-oriented structural reforms require comprehensive packaging of reforms to reap the benefits intended.

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Structural Reforms for Growth and Cohesion

Lessons and Challenges for CESEE Countries and a Modern Europe

Edited by Ewald Nowotny, Doris Ritzberger-Grünwald and Helene Schuberth

Effective and well-designed structural reforms are key to shaping Europe’s future in the context of the formidable challenges facing the continent today. This book examines the achievements and failures of past structural policies so that future ones can be adapted to address remaining and newly emerging challenges with greater success. Highlighting the social aspects and distributional effects of reforms that go beyond liberalization and deregulation, the book covers key issues facing future Europe, particularly those arising from technological innovation.