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Dorte Sindbjerg Martinsen

The Patients’ Rights Directive had a negligible impact on patient mobility. However, the law-making process behind the Directive, as analysed by Dorte Sjindberg Martinsen, provides a perfect case study to show how institutional structures and political preferences and processes enable and constrain EU law and policymaking in health fields. The ways in which different stakeholders were able to access and condition the law-making process gives important insights into the past and future of EU health law and policymaking. While traditionally, research has been focused on the European Commission and especially on the Court of Justice of the EU, the role of the Council and European Parliament should not be ignored.

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Dorte Sindbjerg Martinsen and Mogens Hobolth

The practical realization of European Union (EU) rights and obligations depends to a considerable extent on how national public authorities apply EU legislation in their daily work. A growing number of EU compliance studies have probed the transposition of EU law and discussed the importance and shortcomings of the European Commission, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) and national courts as central and decentralized enforcers. However, the practical application of EU rights and obligations remains rather unexplored. Drawing on survey data covering EU-27 and three EEA states participating in SOLVIT, an internal market problem-solving network, this paper investigates the role of transgovernmental networks in enforcing and managing the daily application of EU legislation by national authorities. We show that informal conflict resolution has become an important and effective tool for addressing misapplication of EU law. Anchored in national public administrations yet working under the ‘shadow of hierarchy’ (namely the Commission) transgovernmental networks are in fact able to improve the compliance of domestic authorities.