The focus of this chapter is on an empirical understanding of the value of the environmental benefits to flow from changes in grassland policies and incentives. There are three main parts to the empirical analysis that draw upon choice modelling analysis and contingent behaviour analysis, namely: the preferences of herders towards alternative policies; how herders would respond to these alternative policies in terms of livestock numbers and management; and the preferences and valuation of those who enjoy the environmental and social benefits resulting from changed policy settings. Where possible, comparisons are drawn between the empirical analysis in Mongolia and Inner Mongolia.
Jeff Bennett, Li Ping, Zhang Bao, Enkh-Orchlon Lkhagvadorj and Duinkherjav Bukhbat
Jane Addison, Colin G. Brown, Enkh-Orchlon Lkhagvadorj, Zhang Jing, Scott Waldron, Zhang Bao and Duinkherjav Bukhbat
Formal and informal institutions impacting upon grassland use and management in China and Mongolia are set out and compared in the chapter. This includes a discussion of current policy instruments and evolution of these policies. Economic and other societal macrodevelopments that have influenced the behaviour of grassland actors are also outlined and compared.