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Elina Kilpi-Jakonen and Anders Stenberg

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Social Inequality Across the Generations

The Role of Compensation and Multiplication in Resource Accumulation

Edited by Jani Erola and Elina Kilpi-Jakonen

Social Inequality Across the Generations provides an innovative perspective on social stratification studies by advancing the theoretical and empirical case for the influence of resource compensation. It examines whether resource compensation is a successful mechanism for social mobility, contrasting it against competing types of resource accumulation such as multiplication. This book is the first to cover extensively the role of compensation in intergenerational attainment – a new and rapidly spreading concept in stratification research.
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Jani Erola and Elina Kilpi-Jakonen

The aim of this volume is to advance the theoretical and empirical case for compensation as a general mechanism influencing intergenerational social inequality. The volume brings together research on different aspects and types of compensation and covers a number of countries representing different kinds of institutional configurations. This chapter introduces the theoretical basis for compensation and discusses how the study of compensation may give further insights into general processes of intergenerational social inequality. The authors contrast compensation with other mechanisms of resource transfer, namely straightforward accumulation and the multiplication of advantages. They then go further into the different types of compensation and illustrate the kinds of cases in which compensatory processes should be at work. They also discuss how institutions are expected to influence compensation. Finally, they summarize the findings of the empirical chapters that follow and evaluate the extent to which the findings give support for a general theory of compensation, and what the implications are for policy and future research.

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Elina Kilpi-Jakonen, Outi Outi Sirniö and Pekka Martikainen

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Aleksi Karhula, Jani Erola and Elina Kilpi-Jakonen

The Finnish day care system is considered to be one of the most universalistic in the world. Day care is heavily subsidized by the state and completely free for low-income families. Yet compared to other Nordic countries a substantially higher number, 40 per cent of children aged one to five, are taken care of at home. In this chapter we show that day care is positively associated with later educational outcomes in the Finnish context. Half or more of this advantage is explained by the positive selection into day care of children with highly educated parents. Further analysis indicates that the remaining association is either due to selection on other family background factors, or is mediated by lower family income and weaker labour market ties of the parents. Although some previous studies have found heterogeneous effects, we find them to be similar for all levels of parental education.

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Edited by Hans-Peter Blossfeld, Elina Kilpi-Jakonen, Daniela Vono de Vilhena and Sandra Buchholz

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Edited by Hans-Peter Blossfeld, Elina Kilpi-Jakonen, Daniela Vono de Vilhena and Sandra Buchholz