In academic literature, the smart-city concept is mostly considered from a technology-orientated perspective that stresses the use of data technologies, big data and information and communication technology (ICT) to smarten up cities. The same goes for smart governance, as one of the sub-domains of the smart city. What seems to be missing is empirical insight into how smart governance is applied in specific local contexts. This chapter emphasizes how applications of smart governance vary over different governance settings in the case of the Netherlands. We aim to analyze the willingness and ability of municipalities to implement smart-governance applications in their own local context. The results presented in this chapter show that municipalities in the Netherlands are using a large variety of smart-governance applications, notably to enhance their smart policy making and internal organization. Examples of external restructuring are few and far between, indicating that the most transformative types of smart governance – smart administration and smart urban collaboration – are mostly still in the making.