What is the role of trust and bridging social capital in immigrant business owners’ start-up processes? We tackle this question by interviewing immigrant business owners in Finland. The chapter applies a novel synthesis of Nahapiet and Ghoshal’s (1998) three-dimensional model of social capital and Höhmann and Malieva’s (2005) categorization of the forms of trust to case studies chosen from an original data set of 64 interviews. Incidences of both trusting and distrusting were recognized, and we identified the behavioural patterns or factors that build trust or damage it. These incidences were used to validate the combined trust and social capital framework.
Dieter Bögenhold, Jarna Heinonen and Elisa Akola
Dieter Bögenhold, Jarna Heinonen and Elisa Akola explore the overlapping areas of entrepreneurship, self-employment and professions. Their study presents empirical findings obtained from a unique Finnish survey including freelance journalists, translators and interpreters, and artists at the blurred boundaries between waged work and entrepreneurship. The manifestations of entrepreneurship vary, reflecting the work and the labor market situation within these professions. Many different socioeconomic situations can be found ‘in between’, which are driven by different social logics. In such circumstances, the term ‘entrepreneurship’ can be misused when it is used indiscriminately and, therefore, can easily generate myths and stereotypes, which are challenged by the study.