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Elisa Giuliani

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Elisa Giuliani

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Elisa Giuliani

Industrial clusters are known globally for the power of their local connections. Yet, external openness and connections to global knowledge and innovation networks are also relevant for industrial clusters to avoid phenomena of entropic death and negative lock-in and to allow local competencies to be nurtured by knowledge flows from non-local sources. This chapter aims to provide an overview on three strands of scholarly research that have contributed to understanding different dimensions of a cluster’s openness to global networks and its impacts on innovation. The chapter discusses international development studies on global value chains, international business (and connected international and development economics) research on technological spillovers of multinational enterprises and, finally, geography of innovation perspectives and work in economic geography on technological gatekeepers in industrial clusters. The chapter concludes by integrating these three strands of literature and proposing an agenda for future research.

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Elisa Giuliani and Roberta Rabellotti

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Elisa Giuliani, Andrea Morrison and Roberta Rabellotti

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Elisa Giuliani, Andrea Morrison and Roberta Rabellotti

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Innovation and Technological Catch-Up

The Changing Geography of Wine Production

Edited by Elisa Giuliani, Andrea Morrison and Roberta Rabellotti

Since the beginning of the 1990s, the supremacy of ‘Old World’ countries (France and Italy) in the international wine market has been challenged by new players, such as Australia, Argentina, Chile and South Africa, which are recording stunning performances in terms both of export volume and value. This book demonstrates that such a spectacular example of catch-up goes beyond simply copying new technologies; it entails creative adaptation and innovation, and introduces a new growth trajectory in which consistent investments in research and science play a key role.
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Vito Amendolagine, Elisa Giuliani, Arianna Martinelli and Roberta Rabellotti

In Chapter 6, Amendolagine et al. (2020) explores cross-border acquisitions of Chinese small and medium enterprises in high tech industries, done within EU, USA and Japan. The chapter highlights the roles of these firms as connecting nodes between the home and host regions, where regions are characterized by different degrees of technological distance. The chapter uses a Technology Proximity Index, in order to analyze how homogeneous the patents are in terms of technological classes in the home and host regions. The descriptive analysis is based on a sample of 95 acquisitions occurring between 2003 and 2011 and on the investors’ patent portfolio characteristics, such as technology specialization, experience, size and number of collaborative patents. The chapter reveals that investors with stronger knowledge bases and with more diversified and larger patent portfolios are more likely to invest in more technologically distant regions. In addition, although they are more involved in collaborative patents at home and abroad, these investors are not more likely than other Chinese multinational firms to establish international collaborations for patents.