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Emma López-Bahut and Luz Paz-Agras

Marinaleda, a small town in Andalusia, Spain, serves as an interesting case study to help explain the spatial materialisation of democracy. It is studied according to the three scales of justice proposed by critical theorist Nancy Fraser: the distribution of resources, recognition of individual rights and political representation. This chapter examines how these aspects have been implemented in the town and how they have influenced Marinaleda’s habitat. Local inhabitants have transformed the town and its landscape through a genuinely democratic process, representing a tangible expression of their society; they have ceased to be merely users, instead becoming definers of their own habitat at all levels. Therefore, the third dimension of justice – authentic political representation – is the one that guarantees a democracy of the landscape, and here it is possible to see how it has taken shape in every aspect of Marinaleda – in its housing, its public space, the town itself and its agrarian landscape.