Emmanuel B. Kasimbazi
In Uganda ownership of petroleum resources together with the prerogative to licence the exploration and production of these resources is vested in the Government. Since 2006 when the first commercial oil discovery was declared, Uganda has progressed from the exploration to the development and production phases of the petroleum value chain. The licensing regime is based on the structure of the petroleum industry, which is classified into downstream, midstream and downstream. The petroleum licensing regime provides the rights to explore, produce, establish facilities and transport petroleum resources. This chapter considers the legal character of the petroleum licensing regime in Uganda.