Discourses linking Muslims and social services are complex and differ across Western countries. This chapter presents a first effort to untangle these discourses by categorizing the frames used to address the topic in newspaper and tabloid articles in the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom. We analyse qualitatively the contents of a sample of articles from a large comprehensive compilation from US, British and Canadian newspapers from 2000–10. We also consider the political platforms of certain populist parties in Europe, the pronouncements of politicians and the writing and websites of American anti-Muslim activists. We organize this information based on the various frames used in the discourses on Muslims and welfare and then provide tentative explanations for the variation in the use of frame-based discourses across countries and outlets, within countries and over time. We conclude by evaluating the future political and economic impacts of the current discourses on Muslims and welfare.