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Erika Pires Ramos and Fernanda de Salles Cavedon-Capdeville

Latin America is particularly exposed to climate change due to its geographical and environmental configuration, socioeconomic vulnerabilities and population groups which strongly depend on the environment, as indigenous peoples and other traditional communities. The impacts of disasters and climate change are an important cause of internal and cross-border displacement. These impacts tend to increase, intensifying human mobility in the region. In this context, this chapter aims to identify, on one hand, the lack of specific norms and guidelines on environmental migration at the regional and sub-regional levels and on the other hand, the inclusion of this topic in the role of some regional organizations. Thus, coordination between existing normative and institutional frameworks on migration, disasters and climate change and the adjustment of policies and governance structures on regional and sub-regional level emerges as a possible strategy to face the challenges presented by environmental migration in Latin America. In this sense, good practices and national experiences could give a relevant contribution to the building process of protection standards, policies and regional cooperation in this topic.