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Eva Hoff and Ingegerd Carlsson

This chapter outlines important aspects of the creative personality. The individual is viewed from the four major theoretical perspectives in personality psychology: the Trait Approach, the Dynamic Approach, the Learning Approach and the Social-Cognitive Approach. The Trait Approach presents superordinate personality factors that are claimed to explain a great part of human personality. The factor Openness is strongly connected to creativity. The Dynamic Approach regards unconscious mechanisms as well as developmental factors as important aspects of creative personality. The Learning Approach focuses on environmental prerequisites for creative personality. By rewarding non-conformist behaviour, creative behaviour is formed. The Social-Cognitive Approach weaves several aspects into their idea of personality, for instance that there is important variation within people depending on situational factors. Depending on whether the organizational climate is perceived as conducive for an employee, the climate will function as creativity enhancing.