You are looking at 1 - 10 of 16 items

  • Author or Editor: Evan J. Douglas x
Clear All Modify Search
This content is available to you

Evan J. Douglas

This content is available to you

Evan J. Douglas

This content is available to you

Evan J. Douglas

This chapter lays the foundation for the study of entrepreneurial intention, defining terms and investigating the proactive, risk-taking, and innovation aspects of entrepreneurship, before outlining the commercial versus social entrepreneurship dichotomy, entrepreneurial attitudes and abilities, and the theory of planned behaviour.

You do not have access to this content

Evan J. Douglas

This chapter introduces and distinguishes between various types of entrepreneurial behaviour, including necessity versus opportunity entrepreneurs; profit-maximising versus profit-satisficing entrepreneurs; growth-oriented versus independence, lifestyle, salary substitute, and leisure-seeking entrepreneurs; hybrid versus single-focus entrepreneurs; intrapreneurship; corporate entrepreneurship; spinoffs; and spinouts.

You do not have access to this content

Evan J. Douglas

This chapter argues that individuals want to maximise their personal wellbeing (also known as psychic utility) and choose entrepreneurial behaviour if it seems to promise the greatest perceived desirability and a sufficiently high perceived feasibility of success. These two main tenets of the theory of planned behaviour are discussed in detail, and self-regulation, overconfidence, optimism, and solo versus team entrepreneurship are also discussed in this context.

You do not have access to this content

Evan J. Douglas

This chapter outlines issues that arise in the empirical study of entrepreneurial intention, including construct specification and measurement problems; social desirability bias; common-method bias; general versus specific-opportunity entrepreneurial intention; non-representative samples; and the use of correlational methods that are incongruent with the theory of holistic decision making that they seek to measure.

You do not have access to this content

Evan J. Douglas

This chapter focuses on the intention to start a “self-oriented” new venture for the purpose of private gain for the shareholders of the new venture. The private gain may be both monetary (profit) and non-monetary (psychic income, or job satisfaction). Profit maximisation is contrasted with profit satisficing, leading to the distinction between profit and growth-oriented entrepreneurs and psychic income-seeking entrepreneurs. An empirical study of the antecedents of growth-oriented versus independence-oriented entrepreneurial intention is reported, demonstrating different drivers of these two pathways to entrepreneurship.

You do not have access to this content

Evan J. Douglas

This chapter focuses on intrapreneurial intention, or the decision to behave entrepreneurially as an employee within an existing firm. The difference in outcomes for the individual between self-employed entrepreneurship and corporately employed intrapreneurship are argued to cause different preferences for these alternatives. An empirical study is reported, demonstrating that these two constructs are indeed driven by different antecedents.

You do not have access to this content

Evan J. Douglas

This chapter focuses on the entrepreneurial intention to be “other oriented” and provide benefits to others beyond the owners of the firm. Social outcomes, profit, and innovation are accepted as the “three pillars” of social entrepreneurship, and are modelled as the main motivators of social entrepreneurial intention. An empirical study is reported where attitudes to these three outcomes of social entrepreneurship are examined as antecedents of social entrepreneurial intention.

You do not have access to this content

Evan J. Douglas

In this chapter a general model of entrepreneurial intentions is developed, based on four main goals of entrepreneurial behaviour, namely profit, social impact, innovation, and job satisfaction. This model encompasses any degree of pro-sociality, profit-seeking intensity, innovation-seeking intensity, or job satisfaction-seeking intensity. It is illustrated in a box diagram, where the fourth dimension (job satisfaction) is treated as the opportunity cost of the other three goals. Typologies of the three-pillars model and the four-goal model are shown, which should prove useful for research purposes.